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Group: philosophy

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topic root
information
naming
natural language
philosophy of science
relationship between brain and behavior
science
-
abstraction
abstraction in programming language
art
classification
commitment
definition
drama
frame problem
fundamental concepts such as type, attributes, relationships are all the same
government
limitations of formalism
limitations of hierarchical structures
names as rigid designators
natural language as a system
proper names
reductionism
religion
responsibility
scientific method
symbolic representation
temporal logic
value as an abstraction
words in natural languages

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Summary

Philosophy is the study of knowledge. There are many branches of philosophy. It is a dialog with each other and with the world.

Philosophy concerns that which we do not know. Once an area is understood well enough, it becomes an area in its own right. For example, physics and the other sciences started as natural philosophy.

This thesaurus studies the philosophy of system. What is a system? What does a system mean? How should systems be designed? How do you represent systems? What is the role of computation in a system? What is the relation between system and the real world? Is life a system? (cbb 7/06)

Group members up

Group: formalism
Group: metaphysics
Group: meaning and truth
Group: philosophy of mathematics
-
Topic: abstraction
Topic: abstraction as part of language
Topic: abstraction by common attributes
Topic: abstraction by name
Topic: abstraction by resemblance
Topic: denoting phrases and definite descriptions
Topic: discrete vs. continuous
Topic: elements
Topic: entities
Topic: ethics
Topic: existence
Topic: God
Topic: language and life as a game
Topic: objects as a set of attributes
Topic: phenomenology
Topic: philosophy of mind
Topic: problem of other minds
Topic: rules
Topic: skepticism about knowledge
Topic: time
Topic: trust
Topic: word vs. picture
Subtopic: Aristotle vs. self discovery up

Quote: in philosophizing, do not support oneself upon the opinion of a celebrated author [galiG_1623]
Quote: philosophy is written in this grand book, the universe, which stands continually open to our gaze [galiG_1623]

Subtopic: philosophy vs. mathematics up

Quote: a definition in philosophy describes a concept while a definition in mathematics constructs a concept [kantI_1781 OK]
Quote: philosophy is written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles, and other geometrical figures [galiG_1623]

Subtopic: goals up

Quote: to attempt much is always laudable, despite the failures in reaching one's goals [johnS_1755 OK]
Quote: the most noble activity is contemplative; the intellect draws us to love as what is most lovable in us [aligD_1305]

Subtopic: philosopy and love up

Quote: a philosopher is a lover of wisdow; philosophy is the lady of the intellect, worthy of love [aligD_1305]

Subtopic: things up

Quote: there are three possible lines of inquiry about a thing; does a thing exist, what is its identity, and what are its qualities [augu_400]
Quote: when I hear an inquiry about a thing, the sounds pass through the air; but the meaning of the sounds is not physical; instead of images, I've stored away what things actually are [augu_400]

Subtopic: history of philosophy up

Quote: Aristotle is wrong that needles always sink, that things swim in the air by their smallness, and that water resists simple division [galiG_1612]
Quote: the unassisted hand and the understanding left to itself possess but little power; the hand and the mind need instruments and helps; we need the methods for discovery and plans for new operations [bacoF_1620 OK]
Quote: modern philosophy is founded on Descartes' methodical doubt; question whatever seemed doubtful about each apparent piece of knowledge [russB_1912 OK]
Quote: Aristotle established the words: subject, predicate, form, matter, energy, potential, substance, essence, quantity, quality, accidental, relation, cause, genus, species, individual, indivisible [loreMP19_1997]
Quote: summary of Leibniz's philosophy--subject & predicate, substance or Ego with multiple predicates, analytic vs. synthetic, perception [russB_1937]
Quote: the ancient and medieval mind held matter to be restrictive; there existed a class of beings under God who lacked all quantitative matter; more perfect than real [aligD_1305]

Subtopic: war up

Quote: war is continual fear; life is solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short [hobbT_1651 OK]

Subtopic: tragedy up

Quote: get tragedy if the universe is constructed according to a principle of maximum diversity; life is possible but not too easy [dysoF_1988]

Subtopic: philosophy and education up

Quote: colleges are dedicated to professions instead of the arts, sciences, and philosophy; this hinders the progress of learning [bacoF_1605 OK]

Subtopic: knowledge is hard up

Quote: how do I know about time when I don't know what it is; I do not even know what I don't know; God will light up my darkness [augu_400]

Subtopic: philosophy is irrelevant up

Quote: philosophical rationalism is a farce; reason is egotistical; the reasons men attribute to themselves are nothing but excuses which the unconscious invents to satisfy the teasing "why's" of the ego [peirCS2_1898]
Quote: Dewey paraphrased: organize your books so that you can find them, and never mind the philosophy [sparK7_1972]

Related up

Group: information
Group: naming
Group: natural language
Group: philosophy of science
Group: relationship between brain and behavior
Group: science
-
Topic: abstraction
Topic: abstraction in programming language
Topic: art
Topic: classification
Topic: commitment
Topic: definition
Topic: drama
Topic: frame problem
Topic: fundamental concepts such as type, attributes, relationships are all the same
Topic: government
Topic: limitations of formalism
Topic: limitations of hierarchical structures
Topic: names as rigid designators
Topic: natural language as a system
Topic: proper names
Topic: reductionism
Topic: religion
Topic: responsibility
Topic: scientific method
Topic: symbolic representation
Topic: temporal logic
Topic: value as an abstraction
Topic: words in natural languages

Subtopics up

Aristotle vs. self discovery
goals
history of philosophy
knowledge is hard
philosophy and education
philosophy is irrelevant
philosophy vs. mathematics
philosopy and love
things
tragedy
war

Updated barberCB 10/04
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